Sea Grass Defense

Sea grasses growing in large meadows are targets of herbivory despite their low nutritional value. Their high content of phenols is discussed as a means to reduce feeding pressure, similar to terrestrial plants. Sea grasses depend on photosynthesis and consequently it is important for them to maintain the leaf surfaces free from other organisms such as marine invertebrates, bacteria, epiphytic algae, or fungi. The eelgrass Zostera marina produces zosteric acid 13 (Figure 2), a sulfated coumaric acid which very efficiently prevents the attachment of foreign organisms on its surfaces. The sulfate moiety is crucial for its bioactivity as an antifouling agent similar to other sulfate-containing marine compounds, for example, steroids from marine sponges.

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10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

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