See also Mediterranean Swamps Further Reading

Andersen AN, Cook GD, and Williams RJ (2003) Fire in Tropical

Savannas: The Kapalga Experiment. New York: Springer. Baruch Z (2005) Vegetation-environment relationships and classification of the seasonal savannas in Venezuela. Flora 200: 49-64.

Bond WJ, Midgley GF, and Woodward FI (2003) The importance of low atmospheric CO2 and fire in promoting the spread of grasslands and savannas. Global Change Biology 9: 973-982.

du Toit JT, Rogers KH, and Bigg HC (eds.) (2003) The Kruger Experience: Ecology and Management of Savanna Heterogeneity. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Furley PA (1999) The nature and diversity of neotropical savanna vegetation with particular reference to the Brazilian cerrados. Global Ecology and Biogeography 8: 223-241.

Grace J, San JJ, Meir P, Miranda HS, and Montes RA (2006) Productivity and carbon fluxes of tropical savannas. Journal of Biogeography 33: 387-400.

Higgins SI, Bond WJ, and Trollope WSW (2000) Fire, resprouting and variability: A recipe for grass-tree coexistence in savanna. Journal of Ecology 88: 213-229.

House JI, Archer S, Breshears DD, and Scholes R (2003) Conundrums in mixed woody-herbaceous plant systems. Journal of Biogeography 30: 1763-1777.

Mistry J (2000) World Savanna: Ecology and Human Use. Harlow: Prentice-Hall.

Rossiter NA, Setterfield SA, Douglas MM, and Hutley LB (2003) Testing the grass-fire cycle: Exotic grass invasion in the tropical savannas of northern Australia. Diversity and Distributions 9: 169-176.

Sankaran M, Hanan NP, Scholes RJ, etal. (2005) Determinants of woody cover in African savanna. Nature 438: 846-849.

Scholes RJ and Archer SR (1997) Tree and grass interactions in savanna. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 28: 517-544.

Scholes RJ and Walker BH (eds.) (1993) An African Savanna: Synthesis of the Nylsvley Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Solbrig OT and Young MD (eds.) (1993) The World's Savannas: Economic Driving Forces, Ecological Constraints, and Policy Options for Sustainable Land Use. New York: Parthenon Publishing Group.

van Langevelde F, van de Vijver CADM, Kumar L, et al. (2003) Effects of fire and herbivory on the stability of savanna ecosystems. Ecology 84: 337-350.

Williams RJ, Myers BA, Muller WJ, Duff GA, and Eamus D (1997) Leaf phenology of woody species in a north Australian tropical savanna. Ecology 78: 2542-2558.

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