Soil Infiltration Processes

Soluble radionuclides can infiltrate through the surface waters and penetrate into the deep soil layer. The infiltration depends on the surface conditions of soil

(i.e., dry or wet, and the amounts of foliage and plants at the surface soil), the morphology of the surface, the soil porosity, and the duration, intensity, and volume of rainfall. Generally, soil infiltration can be calculated from the time-varying depth of water fluctuation in the streams during a storm event. The stream water depth is based on the runoff hydrographs. The obtained infiltration information and runoff hydrographs are then used as loadings for calculating contaminant concentrations in the ground.

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