Patterns in the spatial distribution of organisms are extremely varied, and are affected by numerous factors in the ecology and behavior of species. Distribution patterns not only differ between species as a result of differences in trophic level and relative commonness, but may also vary with the age, sex, and social status of individual organisms. Nonetheless, the overall patterns can be described using relatively simple models, providing a key factor for the understanding of ecological processes such as the relationships between predator and prey populations.

See also: Allee Effects; Biodiversity; Climate Change Models; Dispersal-Migration; Habitat Selection and Habitat Suitability Preferences; Individual-Based Models; Landscape Modeling; Mating Systems; Metapopulation Models; Prey-Predator Models; Social Behavior.

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