Fossil evidence shows that corals have dominated many reefs for over 10 000 years. However, the balance between the ecological forces of predation, competition, disturbance, and recruitment that allowed thousands of years of uninterrupted reef growth have now been grossly altered by human activities. Consequently, healthy and dynamic reefs have declined dramatically in the last two decades as a result of overfishing, climate change, pollution, and other anthropogenic insults. Although the ecological future of reefs seems bleak, we hope that creative management of these ecosystems has the potential to protect them for future generations.

See also: Antipredation Behavior; Mutualism; Predation.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Worm Farming

Worm Farming

Do You Want To Learn More About Green Living That Can Save You Money? Discover How To Create A Worm Farm From Scratch! Recycling has caught on with a more people as the years go by. Well, now theres another way to recycle that may seem unconventional at first, but it can save you money down the road.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment