Fossil evidence shows that corals have dominated many reefs for over 10 000 years. However, the balance between the ecological forces of predation, competition, disturbance, and recruitment that allowed thousands of years of uninterrupted reef growth have now been grossly altered by human activities. Consequently, healthy and dynamic reefs have declined dramatically in the last two decades as a result of overfishing, climate change, pollution, and other anthropogenic insults. Although the ecological future of reefs seems bleak, we hope that creative management of these ecosystems has the potential to protect them for future generations.

See also: Antipredation Behavior; Mutualism; Predation.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment