Fossil evidence shows that corals have dominated many reefs for over 10 000 years. However, the balance between the ecological forces of predation, competition, disturbance, and recruitment that allowed thousands of years of uninterrupted reef growth have now been grossly altered by human activities. Consequently, healthy and dynamic reefs have declined dramatically in the last two decades as a result of overfishing, climate change, pollution, and other anthropogenic insults. Although the ecological future of reefs seems bleak, we hope that creative management of these ecosystems has the potential to protect them for future generations.

See also: Antipredation Behavior; Mutualism; Predation.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Project Earth Conservation

Project Earth Conservation

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At Helping Save The Earth. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To How To Recycle to Create a Better Future for Our Children.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment