Carica papayae (host plant)

Figure 3 Intertwined food chains in a simple food web of predators attacking a species of herbivorous mite. The predatory mite and the predatory beetle both attack the herbivorous mite, and both predators as well as the herbivore are attacked by a spider. Reproduced from Rosenheim JA, Limburg DD, Colfer RG, etal. (2004) Herbivore population suppression by an intermediate predator, Phytoseiulus macropilis, is insensitive to the presence of an intraguild predator: An advantage of small body size? Oecologia 140: 577-585, figure 1.

mite Phytoseiulus, which does suppress the herbivorous mite even in the presence of spiders. While the large Stethorus are readily ensnared, the tiny Phytoseiulus is not captured in the spider webs.

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