Threats to Coral Reefs

Coral reefs are imperiled around the world because of the compounding effects of multiple stressors such as over-fishing, pollution, climate change, and change in coastal land use. The decline of reefs is particularly evident in the Caribbean where coral cover has decreased by 80% in recent decades and may drop further as reefs fail to rebound following continued coral bleaching, overfishing, disease outbreaks, and other disturbances. The causes of coral reef decline are many and frequently act synergis-tically to drive coral reefs to alternate states such as seaweed-dominated reefs or sea urchin barrens (Figure 9). We review the major threats to coral reefs and the role that marine reserves can play in stemming the tide of coral reef decline.

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10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

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