The vast diversity and quantities of inorganic (e.g., S0, NH 3, H2, CO2, and CH4) and organic (e.g., carbohydrates, fats, proteins, lipids, and hydrocarbons) materials present on Earth's surface are disseminated among a matching diversity of habitats whose physical and chemical characteristics span wide ranges of pH, temperature, salinity, redox potential, water potential, oxygen tension, etc. The wide distribution of resources across different environments was likely the source of selective pressure during the evolutionary diversification of microorganisms. The end product of this evolution is a microbial world capable
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