General literature

The study of disease has a long and rich history; it is good to know some of that. Nuland (1993) is a fine discussion of disease and dying in general. On a more technical level, Anderson (1982) contains a good survey of material through to about 1980. In recent years, the evolutionary perspective to health and medicine has been framed as Darwinian medicine. Ewald (1994), Nesse and Williams (1994), Williams and Nesse (1991), and Stearns (1999) provide good introductions from different perspectives. We have focused on deterministic models, but there is a rich literature on stochastic epidemics, and there are differences in outcomes. For example, Rosa et al. (2003) show that while a deterministic model might predict oscillatory decay to a stable focus, a stochastic model could show sustained oscillations.

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