Mjd

Table 2.8 Effects of pollution

1

2a

2b

2c

3

4

5

Material

Global warming potential GWP

Acidification potential AP

Poisons and ozone depleting substances

Waste category

Basic impact

Negative modifyers

Positive modifyers

[See Table 2.5]

[g CO2 -equ./kg]

[gCO2/kg]

[gCO2/kg]

[g SO2-equ/kg]

Cast iron

From ore

750

-

-

6

53-52-12-94

D

Steel

Recycled

1000

-

-

3

94-30-21-9-53

D

Galvanized from ore

2200

-

-

10

5-8-94-30-21-53

D

Stainless from ore

2200

-

-

10

5-8-30-21-64-53

D

Aluminium

From ore

15000

-

-

>60

12-53

D

85% recycled

3100

-

-

12-53

D

Copper

From ore

6000

-

-

140

32-9-85

C

Lead

From ore

1130

-

-

10

56-85

E

Concrete with Portland cement

Structure, reinforced

180

-20

-

0.6

78-30-85

C

Roof tiles

180

-40

-

0.6

78-30-85

C

Fibre reinforced slabs

400

-80

-

2

78-30-85

C

Terrazzo

120

-40

-

78-30-85

C

Mortar and plaster

200

-40

-

0.8

78-30-85

C

Areated concrete

Blocks and prefab units

270

-20

-

1.2

78-30-85

C

Light aggregate concrete

Blocks and prefab units

330

-20

-

2.3

78-30-85-53

C

Lime sandstone

150

-5

-

0.7

78

C

Lime mortar and plaster

190

-120

-

0.2

-

C

Calcium silicate sheeting

140

-5

-

1

78

C

Plasterboard

250

-

-

2

6

D

Perlite expanded

500

-

-

2

-

C

With silicone

500

-

+ 10

2.3

80-6-23-26

D

Glass

700

-

-

44

53-9

C

With tinoxide layer

700

Foam glass

Slabs

1250

Mineral wool

Glasswool

1700

Rockwool

1740

Stone

Structural

10

Slates

15

Earth

Compressed, structural

20

Loam plaster

20

Fired clay

Well-fired bricks, massive

190

Well-fired bricks, perforated

190

Roof tiles

190

Ceramic tiles

570

Expanded clay pellets

350

Bitumen

400

Sheeting

430

Polyethylene (PE)

1600

Polypropylene (PP)

1650

Polystyrene, foamed

EPS

3500

XPS foamed with C02

3700

XPS foamed with HCFC's

21500

Polyurethane, foamed (PUR)

14500

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

3000

Timber

Untreated, air dried

300

Untreated, kiln dried

550

Laminated

700

Cork

Untreated porous boards

600

Wood shavings

Loose fill

300

Wood fibre

Loose fill

600

Matting with starch glue

1000

Matting glued with polyolefines

1000

-

53-9-89

D

-

8

-

C

+ 100

9

62-72-45-15-78

D

+50

10

62-72-45-52

D

-

0

78

C

-

0

78

C

-

0.1

-

C

-

0.1

-

C

-

1

53-78

C

-

1

53-78

C

-

1

53-78

C

-

53-78

C

-

2.5

53-78

C

+3000

4

12

B/D

+2000

4

12

B/D

+3200

9

43-72-6

B/D

+3200

7

72-6

B/D

+3550

27

81-72-6-17-11-46

B/D

+3550

25

81-72-6-17-11-46

B/D

+3550

29

81-50-72-6-17-11-46

B/D

+2200

55

54-73-72-50-24-17-37-39-2-45-89

B/D

+ 1450

13

92-71-27-36-8-5-49-14-21

D

-850

-

0.5

-

A/D

-850

-

0.8

-

A/D

-825

+50

3

45-72-79

B/D

-825

-

3

-

A/D

-825

-

2

-

A/D

-825

-

15

A/D

-825

-

-

A/D

-775

+300

43

B/D

0 0

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