Basic info is found in Chapters 9, 10 and 11.
Wallpapers have a primarily decorative purpose within a building (in the same way as painting does) but can also have a role (intended or not) as a moisture regulator or vapour membrane. This depends upon the type of material used. Wallpapering a room with a heavy pattern or an illustrated theme will make its mark. Most of us can remember the rabbit wallpaper in our childhood bedroom. Oscar Wilde declared on his death bed: 'The wallpaper or me. One of us has to go!'
William Morris, the great wallpaper designer of the Arts and Crafts movement, stated: 'No matter what you are going to use the room for, think about the walls, it is these that make a house into a home' (Greysmith, 1976). There are four main types of wallpaper:
• Wallpapers based on natural textiles.
• Synthetic textile wallpapers.
• Paper wallpapers.
• Plastic wallpapers.
Paper and textile wallpapers are best suited for dry rooms, whilst plastic wallpapers can also be used in bathrooms, washrooms, etc.
Wallpaper can be tacked or pasted onto different surfaces such as oriented strand boards, plasterboards or smooth rendered concrete. It is important that the concrete has dried out properly so as to not cause damp patches or mould.
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