Sunlight 197

Reflection and evaporation 1.95

I Gross production = Net rirodllftiOTl

Gross production (0.024) = Net production (0.020) + Respiration (0.004)

Fig. 2.3. Fate of solar energy incident upon the perennial grass-herb vegetation of an old field community in Michigan. All values in J/m year.

Table 2.2a

Combustion heat of animal material

Table 2.2a

Combustion heat of animal material

Organism

Species

Heat of combustion (kcal/ash-free gram)

Ciliate

Tetrahymena pyriformis

— 5.938

Hydra

Hydra littoralis

— 6.034

Green hydra

Chlorohydra viridissima

— 5.729

Flatworm

Dugesia tigrina

— 6.286

Terrestrial flatworm

Bipalium kewense

— 5.684

Aquatic snail

Succinea ovalis

— 5.4l5

Brachiipode

Gottidia pyramidata

— 4.397

Brinc shrimp

Artemia sp. (nauplii)

— 6.737

Cladocera

Leptodora kindtii

— 5.605

Copepode

Calanus helgolandicus

— 5.400

Copepode

Trigriopus californicus

— 5.5l5

Caddis fly

Pycnopsyche lepido

— 5.687

Caddis fly

Pycnopsyche guttifer

— 5.706

Spit bug

Philenus leucopthalmus

— 6.962

Mite

Tyroglyphus lintneri

— 5.808

Beetle

Tenebrio molitor

— 6.3l4

Guppie

Lebistes reticulatus

— 5.823

Table 2.2b

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Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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