Their Application To Ecology

2.1 Introduction 13

2.2 Matter and energy in mechanics and thermodynamics. Energy conservation as the first law of thermodynamics. Fundamental

Gibbs Equation 16

2.3 Entropy and the second law of thermodynamics. Nernst's theorem 20

2.4 Maximal work which the system can perform on its environment. Characteristic functions or thermodynamic potentials 23

2.5 Chemical equilibrium, chemical affinity and standard energies of biochemical reactions. Function of dissipation 26

2.6 Illustrations of thermodynamics in ecology 30

2.7 Ecosystem as a biochemical reactor 36

2.8 Summary of the important ecological issues 39

CHAPTER 3: SECOND AND THIRD LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

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