Bottom-up development is development in which the inhabitants of an area decide how their resources should be developed or if there is a need to develop them at all. The local people hold community meetings, discuss goals and objectives, formulate plans, and then proceed to implement the plans. The individuals participating in such meetings are the stakeholders, that is, those who have a particular interest in or claim upon the resource in question. For example, in an Amazonian forest area, stakeholders might consist of: indigenous populations who consider the forest a traditional hunting ground; cabo-clos, or descendants of pioneers who are of mixed race; government-sponsored or independent small immigrant farmers; sawmill operators; loggers; ranch owners who buy-up cleared land; cowboys who work for the ranch owners; fishermen whose rivers flow through the forests; local politicians; government extension workers; and others.
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