Edible Products

Edible NTFPs not only have economic value in local and international markets, but also provide food security to local populations, especially during periods of drought or famine. Many of the more important edible NTFPs that formerly were collected from the native forests are now cultivated in commercial plantations. Some examples are mangosteen, Garcinia mangostana, durian, Durio zi-bethinus, zapote, Pouteria sapote, and Brazil nut, Bertholletia excelsa. In Costa

Product

Examples

Fuel and fodder biomass Construction materials Fiber Flowers

Ornamental plants

Fruits

Tubers

Other edible plant parts

Mushrooms

Seeds

Oils

Medicinal plants Gums and resins Tannins and dyes Wildlife products

Leaves, branches, roots of trees, and shrubs

Canes, rattan, bamboo, palms

Palms, lianas, herbs

Orchids, anthurium, passion flower

Zamia, Chamaedoera

Zapote, durian, Brazil nut, a$ai

Yams, taro

Heart of palm

Variety of edible mushrooms Colorful seeds for crafts Dipteryx odorata, palm oil Quassia amara, Smilax, Cinchona Rubber, chicle

Brazil tree (Caesalpinia echinata)

Honey, eggs, feathers, birds, mammals, fish, insects

Fig. 1.4. A 9-year-old plantation of Euterpe edulis palm at a CEPLAC (Center for Cacao Research and Extension) station in Una, Bahia, Brazil

(Photo: F. Montagnini)

Fig. 1.4. A 9-year-old plantation of Euterpe edulis palm at a CEPLAC (Center for Cacao Research and Extension) station in Una, Bahia, Brazil

(Photo: F. Montagnini)

Rica, the palm Bactris gasipaes, which used to be cut from forest for palm-heart, is now planted commercially in extensive monocultures. The fruit of the a9ai palm, Euterpe oleracea, is an important food for the inhabitants of the flood-plain forests in the Amazon estuary near Belem, Para, Brazil (Muniz-Miret et al. 1996). The fruits are also sold in the Belem market. Because a9ai is so profitable, farmers plant it in home gardens and manage natural a9ai stands by cutting back other plants that may compete with it. The extraction of another palm of the same genera, Euterpe edulis, for its palm-heart has led to overexploitation of the species in Brazil and Argentina (Fig. 1.4).

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