Deforestation and development result in benefits for countries and companies that import tropical timbers. These benefits include: increased business for international timber companies; lower prices for wood; employment for value-added industries such as furniture manufacturers; and overall increase in trade that could help industries that export products to tropical countries. Costs might include the widening of the gap between the have- and have-not countries, if prices paid for tropical timbers are lower than the replacement costs. Pricing timber below replacement costs decreases even further the ability of tropical countries to catch up economically with developed countries. Such economic disparities can result in international tension.

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