Annual Stack Tests

Particulates, dioxins, furans, hydrogen chloride Particulates, dioxins/furans, hydrogen chloride, metals

Operator Training and Certification

American Society of Mechanical Formal academic and practical education;

Engineers certification standards for supervised on-the-job training;

chief facility operators and shift supervisors formal testing; periodic reevaluation

Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1991, Burning of hazardous waste in boilers and industrial furnaces, final ruling, Federal Register 56, no. 35 (21 February), 7134-7240.

0.010 grains per dry standard cubic foot

0.10 nanograms per dry normal cubic meter— Eadon toxic equivalents

30 parts per million 25 parts per million 100 parts per million

Not defined; further research needed to identify lowest regularly attainable emissions levels

Furnace and flue gas temperature, steam pressure and flow, oxygen, carbon monoxide, opacity, sulfur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen year) contracts for the quantity of MSW to be delivered to the plant and for the quantity of energy to be sold. Knowing what potentially recyclable material is in the waste stream and in what quantities is essential (see Section 10.3).

Finally, plant designers need information about the composition of the waste stream to determine the optimal physical design of the plant. For instance, different materials generate different amounts of heat energy when burned, and knowing the anticipated overall Btu value is critical to planning boiler capacity and furnace structure. The variability of MSW (specifically density due to changes in composition) is another design consideration for volumetric material handling equipment for RDF incinerators.

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