In the United States, the landfill is the most popular disposal option for MSW. Traditionally, it has been the least-cost disposal option, and it is also a solid waste management necessity because no combination of reduction, recycling, composting, or incineration can currently manage the entire solid waste stream. Developing a new landfill involves site location, landfill design, site preparation, and landfill construction. Locating a new landfill can involve significant public participation. Federal regulations specify many location, design, operation, monitoring, and closure criteria. These regulations reduce the incidence of unacceptable pollution caused by landfills.
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