Conclusions

Industrial wastewater disposal by spray irrigation provides a low-cost method of waste treatment in many areas. Soils have an enormous capacity to absorb pollutants and con vert them into plant nutrients or inorganic substances through microbiological activity. Placing soluble organic matter on soil oxidizes it to carbon dioxide or converts it to humus. Phosphates are held by the soil, and nitrates are taken up by the plants. Nitrates are also denitrified by soil microorganisms. Thus, a high-quality water effluent is produced.

The least-expensive systems are those on soil with high infiltration capacity and efficient hydrological characteristics. However, successful installations can be made on flat, poorly drained areas or gently sloping land.

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