Deregulation of LLRW poses little hazard to the public or the environment and could significantly decrease the volume of LLRW. The NRC, as previously discussed, has established a petition mechanism for the deregulation of generic wastes. An example of the effect of such a petition comes from an exemption for biomedical institutions
(Fortom and Goode 1986). This petition proposes on-site incineration of solid biomedical waste containing a maximum of one curie of 3H and one hundred millicuries of 14C per year. The resulting ash would be disposed of as sanitary waste. This petition estimates a 90% reduction in institutional waste presently sent to LLRW disposal sites. It has not been enacted, in part due to concern for clean air requirements not related to radioactivity.
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