Design Temperature

Up to 200° to 225°F without special design for a, b, and c.

The three types of centrifuges applied in waste treatment processes rely on settling to separate solids and differ only in discharging the settled solids. Environmental engineers base their centrifuge selection on the particle size, concentration, feed rate, performance required, disposal methods, and costs. Table 7.48.1 lists three criteria (1) suitability based on the anticipated type of solids and minimal coagulant requirements, (2) capacity range based on the largest commercial units at the same recovery of SS, and (3) discharged cake concentration relative to other dewa-tering equipment at the same recovery level.

The conveyor centrifuge is used for coarse and heavy loadings of solids and normally requires a coagulant for reasonable recoveries. The disc centrifuge with nozzle discharge is restricted to sludges containing no coarse parti cles and usually having low concentrations and large volumes. The imperforate bowl with knife and skimmer can handle fairly low feed rates at high recoveries, usually without coagulant (see Figure 7.48.1).

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