Effluent Recycling Pump

FIG. 7.35.9 Schematic diagram of two fluidized-bed reactors in series for biological wastewater treatment. (Reprinted, with permission, from E.T. Oppelt and J.M. Smith, 1981, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency research and current thinking on fluidised-bed biological treatment, in Biological fluidised bed treatment of water and waste water, edited by P.F. Cooper and B. Atkinson, Chichester: Ellis Horwood Ltd., Publishers.)

to 4.8 kg/m3/day for a standard oxygen-activated sludge process. The low food-to-biomass mass ratio of U = 0.3 kg COD/kg VSS/day achieved the low effluent BOD of 13.

The effluent BOD was a function of U. At U = 1.1, the effluent BOD was 30. Ecolotrol Inc. of Westbury, New

York used this value to design a large 10-mgd plant (1577 m3/hr) with five, parallel, fluidized-bed reactors at the Bay Park Wastewater Treatment Plant in Nassau County, New York (Jeris, Owens, and Flood 1981). These five reactors with a combined volume of 1000 m3 operated at an up-flow rate of 37 m/hr and a recycling ratio of 4.6. A PSA oxygen generator provided 6 tn/day of oxygen (5443 kg/day). The plant had various operating difficulties; controlling microbial growth was the most problematic. The plant was shut down in 1991.

Dorr-Oliver, a Connecticut engineering company, developed the Oxitron system for fluidized-bed wastewater treatment on the basis of the Ecolotrol design (Sutton, Shieh, and Kos 1981). Dorr-Oliver added an influent distributor and a proprietary influent oxygenator with a 20-sec hydraulic retention time to allow the use of at least 50 mg/l of oxygen per pass. They controlled the biofilm thickness on the fluidized sand by keeping the bed expansion at a specific level. The particles with more biofilm are lighter and raise the bed level. When that situation happens, this system pumps them with a rubber-lined pump to a hydroclone and sand washer and returns sand to the reactor.

In the pilot plant shown in Figure 7.35.10, tests were conducted with wastewater having a median BOD of 67 ppm and a median COD of 175 ppm. The best results, 78% BOD removal to 15 ppm, were obtained at an up-flow rate of 20.3 m/hr, a hydraulic retention time of 37 min, and a food-to-biomass ratio of U = 0.16 kg BOD/kg VSS/day.

Dorr-Oliver designed full-scale plants for municipal wastewater treatment at Haywood, California (70,000 m3/day) and Sherville, Indiana (35,000 m3/day). Based on operating costs, the OXITRON system is favored for

Going Green For More Cash

Going Green For More Cash

Stop Wasting Resources And Money And Finnally Learn Easy Ideas For Recycling Even If You’ve Tried Everything Before! I Easily Found Easy Solutions For  Recycling Instead Of Buying New And Started Enjoying Savings As Well As Helping The Earth And I'll Show You How YOU Can, Too! Are you sick to death of living with the fact that you feel like you are wasting resources and money?

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment