The OSHA inspects workplaces to insure compliance with its standards. If an employer refuses to allow an OSHA compliance officer onto the premises to conduct an inspection, the compliance officer must obtain a warrant based upon probable cause. The OSHA can then issue a citation if it believes that the act is being violated (OSH Act §9[a], 29 USC §658[a]). The citation references the alleged violation, fixes a reasonable time for abatement, and proposes a penalty (OSHAct§9[a], 29 USC§658[a]). Employers must contest the citation within fifteen days of receipt or the citation becomes final and enforceable (OSH Act §§10[a,b], 17[1], 29 USC §§659[a,b], 666[1]).

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