Engineering Review

During the early stages of a new facility's design, ample opportunity exists to implement design modifications that reduce waste treatment via source reduction or reuse. Incorporating waste elimination during process design is less complicated than modifying operations at an existing plant (Jacobs 1991).

This section discusses two aspects of pollution prevention from the early stage of engineering; these aspects are plant configuration and layout (Berglund and Lawson 1991). Then, it details a ten-step procedure and checklist that identifies and analyzes all environmental issues and pollution prevention opportunities during the plant design stage (Kraft 1992).

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