Final Effluent

FIG. 7.21.12 Imhoff-tank-sand-filter flow sheet.

the flow pattern. Both the tank bottom and the division between the settling and digestion sections have steep slopes so that the sludge can slide down the walls.

Sludge is normally withdrawn through a pipeline to open sludge drying beds by hydrostatic pressure. The gas produced by digestion is inhibited from entering the settling chamber by an overlap on the chamber dividing walls. It escapes through ventilation compartments that make up at least 20% of the tank surface area. Gases are usually not collected because the digester is not heated and no fuel is needed. A rectangular tank is the most common, although circular tanks are also used.

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