Municipal wastewater is comprised of domestic (or sanitary) wastewater, industrial wastewater, infiltration and inflow into sewer lines, and stormwater runoff. Domestic wastewater refers to wastewater discharged from residences and from commercial and institutional facilities (Metcalf and Eddy, Inc. 1991). Domestic water usage, and the resultant wastewater, is affected by climate, community size, density of development, community affluence, dependability and quality of water supply, water conservation requirements or practices, and the extent of me-tered services. Metcalf and Eddy, Inc. (1991) provide details on the influence of these factors. Additional factors influencing water use include the degree of industrialization, cost of water, and supply pressure (Qasim 1985). One result of the combined influence of these factors is water use fluctuations. Table 7.1.1 summarizes such fluc-
Was this article helpful?