Four Stage Bardenpho Process

The Bardenpho process provides a TN removal capability that cannot be obtained in the MLE process. The four-stage Bardenpho process subjects the nitrate that was not recycled from the primary aerobic zone to anoxic conditions in a secondary anoxic zone (see Part e in Figure 7.38.7).

Although biological denitrification is occurring in both anoxic reactors, the carbon source is different; the carbon source of the primary anoxic zones is supplied by influent wastewater, whereas endogenous respiration is responsible for any denitrification in the secondary anoxic zone. A small secondary aerobic zone prior to secondary clarification strips away any nitrogen gas entrained in the solids and nitrifies any ammonia released from cell lysis.

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