General Facility Standards

Both interim status and permit standards consist of administrative and nontechnical requirements, and technical and non-specific requirements. The interim status standards, found in 40 CFR Part 265, are primarily good housekeeping practices that owners and operators must follow to properly manage hazardous wastes. The permit standards found in 40 CFR Part 264 are design and operating criteria for facility-specific permits.

As detailed in Section 11.10, all facilities handling hazardous wastes must obtain an EPA ID number. Owners and operators must ensure that wastes are correctly identified and managed according to the regulations. They must also ensure that facilities are secure and operating properly. Personnel must be trained to perform their duties correctly, safely, and in compliance with all applicable laws, regulations, and codes. Owners and operators must:

Conduct waste analyses before starting treatment, storage, or disposal in accord with a written waste analysis plan. The plan must specify tests and test frequencies providing sufficient information on the waste to allow management in accordance with the laws, regulations, and codes.

Install security measures to prevent inadvertant entry of people or animals into active portions of the TSDF. The facility must be surrounded by a barrier with control entry systems or 24-hr surveillance. Signs carrying the warning "Danger—Unauthorized Personnel Keep Out" must be posted at all entrances. Precautions must be taken to avoid fires, explosions, toxic gases, or any other events threatening human health, safety, and the environment.

Conduct inspections according to a written schedule to assess facility compliance status and detect potential problem areas. Observations made during inspections must be recorded in the facility's operating log and kept on file for 3 years. All problems noted must be remedied.

Conduct training to reduce the potential for mistakes that might threaten human health and the environment. In addition, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) now requires each TSD to implement a hazard communication plan, a medical surveillance program, and a health and safety plan. Decontamination procedures must be in place and employees must receive a minimum of 24 hr of health and safety training. Properly manage ignitable, reactive, or incompatible wastes. Ignitable or reactive wastes must be protected from sources of ignition or reaction, or be treated to eliminate the possibility. Owners and operators must ensure that treatment, storage, or disposal of ignitable, reactive, or incompatible waste does not result in damage to the containment structure, or threaten human health or the environment. Separation of incompatible wastes must be maintained.

Comply with local standards to avoid siting new facilities in locations where floods or seismic events could affect waste management units. Bulk liquid wastes are prohibited from placement in salt domes, salt beds, or underground mines or caves.

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