In situ treatment is an alternative to pump-and-treat technology and involves the underground destruction and neutralization of contaminants. The technology has the advantage of requiring minimal surface facilities and reducing public exposure to the contaminant. Theoretically, the technology could be applied to both organic and inorganic contaminants. However, in situ treatment is still relatively new and for the most part has been limited to organic compounds. The most commonly used in situ treatment methods include bioremediation, air sparging, and chemical detoxification.
Was this article helpful?