The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) is the primary statutory tool regulating pesticides.35 The FIFRA does not have a specific section designating its purpose. However, it implicitly seeks to prevent adverse effects on human health and the environment by controlling the sale, distribution, and use of pesticides within the United States (7 USC ยง136a[c][5]).

The FIFRA is a risk/benefit statute which calls for an analysis of the risks created by a pesticide compared to the benefits of the product if it enters the market. The 1972 FIFRA amendments (Federal Environmental Pesticide Control Act [FEPCA], 1972) establish the current structure of the act which concentrates on the regulation of pesticides through their registration, classification, and labeling.

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