LLRW Reduction Processes

Volume reduction is the single most-used technique to minimize the cost and environmental impact of low-level radioactive waste disposal. NRC-mandated volume-reduction measures have been very effective in minimizing nuclear power industry waste for LLRW disposal sites (Table 11.26.10). It is estimated that an 80% volume reduction could be achieved by many institutions and industries through segregation, decay of short-lived isotopes, compaction, regulated sewer disposal, exclusion of scintillation fluids, and incineration.

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