Location

The onsite incinerator should be located close to larger sources of waste and expected waste collection routes. Onsite incinerators are constructed of 12-gauge steel casing with high-temperature (over 1000° F) insulation and high-quality refractory lining. Indoor installations are preferred, but even when the incinerator is situated outdoors, the charging and cleanout operations should be shielded from the weather. Incinerator rooms should be designed for two-hour fire resistance and should comply with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) recommendations contained in bulletin NFPA No. 82.

The Incinerator Institute of America (IIA) separates incinerators into nine classes according to their use and size (see Table 10.11.1) and provides minimum construction and performance standards for each class. The NFPA has

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