Manholes should be installed in sewer mains at intervals of 300 ft maximum for sewer sizes to 24 in and at 500 ft maximum intervals for sizes above 24 in (see Figure 7.11.8). Manholes installed at dead ends of sewer mains can act as junctions to connect sewer branches. Manholes are also installed in sewer main runs as junctions, where there are changes in sewer main diameter. As previously explained, open-top manholes covered with grating or catch basins collect surface drainage. For sealed manholes requiring vent connections, the grating cover should be filled with concrete and sealed or bolted down to prevent the escape of sewer gases.

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