Effects on Plant and Animal Life
About one million metric tons of oil are dumped each year into the sea (Audubon 1971) from shipping accidents in port alone. Such large spills affect the health of the marine ecosystem. Ninety percent of atmospheric oxygen is manufactured in the sea by phytoplankton. The sea also furnishes food and minerals and controls the weather.
Oil pollution also concerns those who take their living from the sea. When sea animals are killed or made dangerous to man, fishing is curtailed. In areas of major spills, fishing and hotel industries are affected.
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