Industrial wastewater is discharged from industries and associated processes utilizing water. Industrial water users in the United States discharge over 285 billion gal of wastewater daily (Corbitt 1990). Water is used in industrial cooling, product washing and transport, product generation, and other purposes. Although variable between industries and plants within the same industry, about two-thirds of the total wastewater generated from U.S. industries results from cooling operations (Corbitt 1990).
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