Pollutant Concentration Reduction

Clean technology, pollution prevention, and waste minimization are technical and managerial activities that can reduce the pollution emissions from industrial operations (Freeman et al. 1992; Hirschhorn and Oldenburg 1991; and Office of Technology Assessment 1986). Clean technology refers to applying technical processes to minimize waste material from the processes themselves (Johansson 1992). Pollution prevention relates to approaches that prevent pollution from occurring, including the incorporation of clean technology. Other housekeeping and conservation practices can be included in pollution prevention. Waste minimization tries to minimize negative impacts on the environment by reducing the amount of waste material from operations. Such waste reductions include applying pollution control technologies, chemical substitutions, clean technologies, and other activities that minimize the waste generated.

Chapter 3 provides additional information on pollution prevention.

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