In recent years, several waste reduction methodologies have been developed in government, industry, and academe. These methodologies prescribe a logical sequence of tasks at all organization levels, from the executive to the process area. Despite differences in emphasis and perspective, most stepwise methodologies share the following four common elements:
A chartering phase, in which an organization affirms its commitment to a waste reduction program; articulates policies, goals, and plans; and identifies program participants
An assessment phase, in which teams collect data, generate and evaluate options for waste reduction, and select options for implementation An implementation phase, in which waste reduction projects are approved, funded, and initiated An ongoing auditing function, in which waste reduction programs are monitored and reductions are measured. Usually feedback from the auditing function triggers a new iteration of the program.
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