The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) (29 USC §651 et seq.) differs from the other federal laws examined in this overview because it is directed toward protecting the workplace and its environment rather than the more traditional ambient environment. The OSH Act's purpose (§2[b], 29 USC §651[b]) makes this direction evident in "assur[ing] so far as possible every working man and woman in the Nation safe and healthful working conditions and preserving] our human resources. ..." This discussion of the OSH Act concentrates on the act's focus towards controlling hazardous substances in the occupational environment.

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