In 1972 Congress enacted the Noise Control Act (1992, 42 USC §§4901-4918) in response to the growing concern of the effects of noise on public health and welfare. Congress recognized that noise had to be adequately controlled, particularly in urban areas; that this would best be accomplished at state and local levels; and that national uniformity of treatment would best serve this purpose. Consistent with these congressional findings, the purpose of the act is "to establish a means for effective coordination of federal research and activities in noise control, to authorize the establishment of federal noise emission standards for products distributed in commerce, and to provide information to the public respecting the noise emission and noise reduction characteristics of such products" (42 USC §4901[b]).

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