The CZMA seeks to protect coastal resources, manage those resources, and prevent conflicts in their use. The CZMA mandates the development of state programs, meeting federal minimum requirements, which permit and regulate activity in their own coastal zones. While state programs vary, the federal government has authority to require state programs to promote the four coastal management goals and to meet the federal minimum performance standards. Coastal programs are typically implemented around a permitting application and review scheme.

—David Bookchin David Farnsworth

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