Table 535 Health Effects Of Selected Haps

Pollutant Major Health Effects

Acryronitrile (CH2E CH^Cc N)

Benzene (C6H6)

Carbon disulfide (CS2)

1,2 Dichloroethane (C2H2Cl2)

Formaldehyde (HC HO)

Methylene chloride (CH2Cl2) Polychlorinated bi-phenyls (PCB)

(coplanar) Polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins and furans

Polycyclic organic matter (POM)

[including benzo(a)pyrene (BaP)] Styrene (C6H5^CHE CH2)

Tetrachloroethylene (C2Cl4)

Toluene (C6H5^CH3) TCE (C2HCl3)

Vinyl chloride (CH2E CHCl)

Source: OECD.

degree of chlorination of phenolic molecules. Maleic anhydride and phthalic anhydride are irritants to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Methanol vapor is irritating to the eyes, nose, and throat; this vapor explodes if ignited in an enclosed area.

Table 5.3.5 lists the health effects of selected HAPs. Because of the large number of HAPs, enumerating the potential health effects of the category as a whole is not possible. However, material safety data sheets (MSDS) for the HAPs are available from chemical suppliers on request, and handbooks such as the Hazardous chemical data book (Weiss 1980) provide additional information.

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