Table 7113 Infectious Agents Potentially Present In Raw Domestic Wastewater

Organism

Disease

Remarks

Bacteria

Escherichia coli

(enteropathogenic) Legionella pneumophila Leptospira (150 spp.) Salmonella typhi

Salmonella (~ 1700 spp.) Shigella (4 spp.) Vibrio cholerae

Yersinia enterolitica

Viruses

Adenovirus (31 types) Enteroviruses (67 types, e.g., polio, echo, and Coxsackie viruses) Hepatitis A Norwalk agent Reovirus Rotavirus

Protozoa

Balantidium coli Cryptosporidium Entamoeba histolytica

Giardia lamblia

Helminths'1

Ascaris lumbricoides Enterobius vericularis Fasciola hepatica Hymenolepis nana Taenia saginata T. solium Trichuris trichiura

Gastroenteritis

Legionellosis Leptospirosis Typhoid fever

Salmonellosis

Shigellosis

Cholera

Yersinosis

Respiratory disease Gastroenteritis, heart anomalies, and meningitis

Infectious hepatitis Gastroenteritis Gastroenteritis Gastroenteritis

Balantidiasis

Cryptosporidiosis

Amebiasis (amoebic dysentery)

Giardiasis

Ascariasis

Enterobiasis

Fascioliasis

Hymenolepiasis

Taeniasis

Taeniasis

Trichuriasis

Diarrhea

Acute respiratory illness Jaundice, and fever (Weil's disease) High fever, diarrhea, and ulceration of small intestine Food poisoning Bacillary dysentery Extremely heavy diarrhea and dehydration Diarrhea

Jaundice and fever Vomiting

Diarrhea and dysentery Diarrhea

Prolonged diarrhea with bleeding and abscesses of the liver and small intestine Mild to severe diarrhea, nausea, and indigestion

Roundworm infestation Pinworm Sheep liver fluke Dwarf tapeworm Beef tapeworm Pork tapeworm Whipworm

Source: Metcalf and Eddy, Inc., 1991.

Note: aThe helminths listed are those with a worldwide distribution.

(Nemerow and Dasgupta 1991). Some industrial waste-water contaminants are toxic; while others exhibit deoxy-genation rates about five times greater than that for municipal wastewater (Nemerow and Dasgupta 1991).

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