Design facilities that operate as close to emission- or discharge-free as technically and economically feasible IN A WAY THAT
Complies with existing and anticipated regulations as well as the established standards, policies, and company practices. Emission-and discharge-reduction priorities are based on a hierarchy of emissions and discharges (see Table 3.9.3) and include various types of emissions and discharges (see Table 3.9.4) Develops investment options to reduce and eliminate all liquid, gaseous, and solid discharges based on best environmental practices. These options are implemented if they yield returns greater than capital costs. Failing to meet this standard, options may still be implemented subject to nonobjection of the business, production, and research and development functions. Considers waste management options in the following priority order:
1. Process modifications to prevent waste generation
2. Process modifications to be able to a. Recycle b. Sell as co-product c. Return to vendor for reclamation or reuse. Where materials are sold or returned to the vendor, the project team should ensure that customers and vendors operate in an environmentally acceptable manner.
3. Treatment to generate material with no impact on the environment.
Considers all potential continuous and fugitive emissions in the basic design data as well as all noncontinuous events such as maintenance and clean-out, start-up, and routine or emergency shutdowns. Allows no hazardous waste to be permanently retained onsite unless the site has a regulated hazardous landfill. Documents all emissions prior to and after waste minimization efforts.
Interacts with other internal or external processes or facilities to generate a combined net reduction in emissions. Interaction that leads to a net decrease in emissions is considered in compliance with this charter, while that leading to a net increase in emissions is considered not in compliance. Where decisions are made to delay the installation of emission reduction facilities or to not eliminate specific emissions, considers providing for the future addition of such facilities at minimal cost and operating disruption. Lists, where possible, specific goals for emissions and discharges or emission and discharge reductions, especially with regard to hazardous and toxic substances.
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