Hazardous waste treatment is a rapidly growing, innovative industry. This innovation is driven by the need for effective and economical processes for treating wastes rather than placing waste in landfills without treatment. Among waste management options (Table 11.13.1), the most desirable is source reduction through process modification (Combs 1989). The less desirable options follow.
If waste can be eliminated or reduced significantly, subsequent treatment processes become unnecessary or are reduced in scope. These highly desirable waste minimization alternatives must be carefully considered as reasonable technical and economic solutions to hazardous waste management.
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