Management and Restoration

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Grasslands: Ecology, Management and Restoration

Hans G. Schröder eDITOR

Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

New York

Copyright © 2008 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Grasslands : ecology, management & restoration / Hans G. Schröder. p. cm.

ISBN 978-1-60741-919-8 (E-Book)

1. Grassland ecology. 2. Grassland restoration. 3. Grassland conservation. I. Title.

QH541.5.P7S37 2008

577.4--dc22

NOTICE TO THE READER

2008031076

Contents

Preface vii

Expert Commentaries

Commentary A The Ecological Values and Functions of Grassland Field Margin

Habitats 1

H. Sheridan, G. Purvis and G. O 'Donovan

Commentary B The Global Extent of Black C in Soils: Is It Everywhere? 13

Evelyn Krull, Johannes Lehmann, Jan Skjemstad, Jeff Baldock and Leonie Spouncer

Short Communications

Sustainable Development of Prataculture and Ecological

Rehabilitation via Shift from Grain Production to Vegetative

Production in South China 19

Guodong Liu and Yuncong Li

The Real Pattern in the Species-Area Relationship: Case Study

Using Ground Beetles 29

Tibor Magura, Viktor Kodobocz and Bela Tothmeresz

Solar Power Generation and Use of Grassland in Ecology

Management 37

Xinping Zhou, Jiakuan Yang and Bo Xiao

Research and Review Articles

Chapter 1 Benefits of Multi-Paddock Grazing Management on Rangelands:

Limitations of Experimental Grazing Research and Knowledge Gaps 41

Richard Teague, Fred Provenza, Brien Norton, Tim Steffens, Matthew Barnes, Mort Kothmann and Roy Roath

Chapter 2 Effects of Long-Term Livestock Removal on Water Infiltration

Rate in Arid Grasslands 81

Thomas J. Valone

Chapter 3 Floods Recover the Deterioration of Grasslands and Soils Caused by Cattle Grazing in the Flooding Pampas of Argentina 93

Pedro Insausti, Miguel A. Taboada and Raúl S. Lavado

Chapter 4 On the Role of Soil Seed Bank of Rich Pasture Communities in a

Fragmented Submediterranean Landscape 109

Josep M. Ninot, Albert Petit and Carme Casas

Chapter 5 Re-Creating Plant and Beetle Assemblages of Species-Rich Chalk

Grasslands on Ex-Arable Land 133

Ben A. Woodcock, Simon R. Mortimer, Andrew R. Edwards, Clare S. Lawson, Duncan B. Westbury, Alex J. Brook, Stephanie J. Harris and Valerie K. Brown

Chapter 6 Integrating Vegetation Ecology into Contemporary

Phytoremediation Technologies: A Functional Approach to Phytoremediation 153

Marjana Regvar

Chapter 7 Vegetation and Fire Dynamics in Southern Brazil during the Late Quaternary and Their Implication for Conservation and Management of Modern Grassland Ecosystems 181

Hermann Behling and Valério D. Pillar

Chapter 8 Grassland Contribution to Climate Change in the Basque Country:

Opportunities to Mitigation 195

P. Merino, C. González-Murua, A. Del Prado, S. Menéndez, M. Pinto and J. M. Estavillo

Chapter 9 The Origin and Age of Grasslands in the Southern Kuril Islands 205

N. G. Razzhigaeva, L. A. Ganzey, L. M. Mokhova, N. F. Pshenichnikova andN. A. Eremenko

Chapter 10 Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Grazed Grasslands: Key Sources and Abatement Strategies (Case Study—Overwintering Areas in the Czech Republic, Central Europe) 235

Miloslav Simek

Index

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