Bui, E., L. Krogh, R.S. Lavado, F. Nachtergaele, T. Tóth and R.W. Fitzpatrick. 1998. Distribution of sodic soils: The world Scene. en M.E. Sumner y R. Naidu (Eds.). Sodic Soils: Distribution, Processes, Management and Environmental Consequences. Oxford University Press. Pp. 19-34. Batista, W. B., R. J. C. Leon y S. B. Perelman. 1988. Las comunidades vegetales de un pastizal natural de la Region de Laprida, Prov. de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Phytocoenologia 16:465-480. Bullock, J.M., Clear Hill, B., Silvertown, J. and Sutton, M. 1995. Gap colonization as a source of grassland community change: effects of gap size and grazing on the rate and mode of colonization by different species. Oikos 72: 273-282. Burkart, S. E., Leon, R. J. C. and Movia, C. P. 1990. Inventario fitosociologico del pastizal de la Depresion del Salado (Prov. Bs. As.) en un area representativa de sus principales ambientes. - Darwiniana 30: 27-69. Crawley, M. 1986. The structure of plant communities. Plant Ecology, M. Crawley, ed.: 1-50. Chaneton E.J., Facelli J.M. and León R.J.C. 1988. Floristic changes induced by flooding on grazed and ungrazed lowland grasslands in Argentina. J. Range Manage. 41: 497-501. Chaneton E.J. and Facelli J.M. 1991. Disturbance effects on plant community diversity: Spatial scales and dominance hierarchies. Vegetatio 93: 143-155. Chaneton, E.J. and R.S. Lavado. 1996. "Soil nutrients and salinity after long-term exclusion in a Flooding Pampa grassland". Journal of Range Management 49: 182-187. Chaneton, E. J., Lemcoff, J. H. and Lavado, R. S. 1996. Nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in grazed and ungrazed plots in a temperate subhumid grassland in Argentina. J. Appl. Ecol. 33: 291-302.

Deregibus V.A., Sánchez R.A., Casal J.J. and Trlica M.J. 1985. Tillering responses to enrichment of red light beneath the canopy in a humid natural grassland. J. Appl. Ecol. 72: 199-206. Detling J.K. 1987. Grass response to herbivory. In A Shortgrass Prairie Perspective: 56-68. J.L.

Capinera (ed.) Westview Press, Colorado. Dreccer, M.F. y Lavado, R.S. 1993. Influence of cattle trampling on the preferential flow paths in alkaline soils. Soil Use and Management 9: 143-148. Ehrlich P.R. and Mooney H.A. 1983. Extinction, substitution, and ecosystem services. BioScience 33: 248-254.

Elmquist, T., Folke, C., Nystrom, M., Peterson, G., Bengtsson, J., Walker, B. and Norberg, J. 2003. Response diversity, ecosystem change, and resilience. Frontiers Ecol. Environ. 1: 488494.

Facelli, J.M., León R.J.C. and Deregibus V.A. 1989. Community structure in grazed and ungrazed grasland sites in the Flooding Pampa, Argentina. Am. Midl. Nat. 121: 125-133.

Ghersa, C. M. y R. Leon. 1999. Successional changes in agroecosystems of the Rolling Pampa. en L. Walker, editor. Ecosystems of the World 16. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Grimoldi A.A., Insausti P., Roitman G.G and Soriano A. 1999. Responses to flooding intensity in Leontodon taraxacoides. New Phytol.141:110-119.

Harper, J.L. 1977. Population biology of plants. Academic Press. London.

Holberg H. and Bischoff H.M. 1980. Flooding tolerance yield and feed quality of some grasses in a model experimental with simulated flood. Archiv. Für Acker-Und Planz. Und. Bodenkunde 244: 513-521.

Insausti P. y Soriano A. 1987. Efecto del anegamiento prolongado en un pastizal de la Depresión del Salado (Provincia de Buenos Aires-Argentina): dinámica del pastizal en conjunto y de Ambrosia tenuifolia. Darwiniana, 28: 397-403.

Insausti, P., Soriano, A. and Sanchez, R. A. 1995. Effect of flood-induced factors on seed germination of Ambrosia tenuifolia. Oecologia 103: 127-132.

Insausti, P., Chaneton, E.J. and Soriano, A. 1999. Flooding reverted grazing effects on plant community structure in mesocosms of lowland grassland. Oikos 84: 266-276.

Insausti, P., Grimoldi, A., Chaneton, E.J. andVasellati, V.A. 2001. Flooding induces a suite of adaptive plastic responses in the grass Paspalum dilatatum. New Phytol. 152: 291-300.

Jackson M. B. and Drew M. 1984. Effects of flooding on growth and metabolism of herbaceous plants. In Flooding and plant growth (edited by T.T. Kozlowski). Academic Press, Florida, 10-42.

Jackson M.B. 2008. Ethylene-promoted Elongation: an Adaptation to Submergence Stress. Annals of Botany 101(2): 229-248.

Lavado, R.S. and Alconada, M. 1994. "Soil properties behavior on grazed and ungrazed plots of a grassland sodic soil". Soil Technology 7(1): 75-81.

Lavado, R.S. and Taboada, M.A. 1985. Influencia del pastoreo sobre algunas propiedades químicas de un Natracuol de la Pampa Deprimida. Ciencia del Suelo 3: 102-108.

Lavado, R.S. and Taboada, M.A. 1987. Soil salinization fluxes as an effect of grazing in a native grassland soil in the Flooding Pampa in Argentina. Soil Use and Management 4(3): 143-148.

Lavado, R.S. and Taboada, M.A. 1988. Water, salt and sodium dynamics in a Natraquoll in Argentina. Catena 15(4): 577- 594.

Lavado, R.S.; J.O. Sierra and P.N. Hashimoto. 1996. Impact of grazing on soil nutrients in a pampean grassland. Journal of Range Management 49: 452-457.

Lavorel, S., McIntyre, S., Landsberg, J. and Forbes, T. D. A. 1997. Plant functional classifications: from general groups to specific groups based on response to disturbance. Trends Ecol. Evol. 12: 474-478.

León, R.J.C. 1975. Las comunidades herbáceas de la región Castelli-Pila. En Productividad Primaria Neta de Sistemas Herbáceos. Monografías 5: 75-101. CIC. La Plata.

Leon, R.J.C., Burkart, S.E. and Movia, C.P. (1979): Relevamiento fitosociologico del pastizal del norte de la Depresion del Salado (Partidos de Magdalena y Brandsen). INTA, Serie Fitogeografica 17.

León, R.J.C., Rusch, G.M. and Oesterheld, M. 1984. Pastizales pampeanos - impacto agropecuario. Phytocoenologia 12: 201-218.

Luck, G.W., Daily, G.C. and Ehrlich, P.R. 2003. Population diversity and ecosystem services. Trends Ecol. Evol. 18: 331-336.

Mc Naughton S.J. 1985. Ecology of a grazing system: The Serengeti. Ecol. Monogr. 55: 259294.

Mc Naughton S.J., Ruess R.W. and Seagle S.W. 1988. Large mammals and process dynamics in African ecosystems. BioScience 38: 794-800.

Meek J. and Stolzy L.H. 1978. Short-term flooding. In Plant life in anaerobic environments. Ann. Arbor Sci. Publ. (O.H. Hook and R.M.M. Crawford eds.) pp 331-373. Michigan.

Odum E.P. (1985). Trends expected in stressed ecosystems. Bio Science, 35, 419-422.

Paruelo J.M. and Sala O.E. 1990. Caracterización de las inundaciones en la Depresión del Salado (Buenos Aires, Argentina): Dinámica de la capa freática.. Turrialba 140: 5-11.

Perelman SB, León RJC and Oesterheld M (2001) Cross-scale vegetation patterns of Flooding Pampa grasslands. Journal of Ecology 89: 562-577.

Pezeshki S.R. 1994. Plant response to flooding. In: Wilkinson RE, ed. Plant-Environment Interactions. New York, USA: Marcel Dekker Inc., 289-321.

Pezeshki S.R. 2001. Wetland plant responses to soil flooding. Environmental and Experimental Botany 46: 299-312.

Ponnamperuma F.N. 1984. Effects of flooding on soils. In Flooding and plant growth (edited by T.T. Kozlowski). Academic Press, pp 10-42, Florida.

Rubio G. and Lavado RS. 1999. Acquisition and allocation of resources in two waterlogging-tolerant grasses. New Phyto. 143: 539-546.

Rusch, G. M. and Oesterheld, M. 1997. Relationship between productivity, and species and functional group diversity in grazed and non-grazed pampas grassland. Oikos 78: 519526.

Sala O.E., Oesterheld M., León R.J.C. and Soriano A. 1986. Grazing effects upon plant community structure in subhumid grasslands of Argentina. Vegetatio 67: 27-32.

Soriano A., León R.J.C., Lavado R.S., Deregibus V.A., Cahuepé M.A., Scaglia O.A., Velázquez C.A. and Lemcoff J.H. (1991). Río de La Plata grassland. In Ecosystem of the World-Natural grasslands (ed. R.T. Coupland) Chapter 19, Volumen 8A. Elsevier Science Publishers, Ansterdam, 367-407.

Taboada, M.A. and Lavado, R.S. 1988. Grazing effects on soil bulk density in the Flooding Pampa of Argentina. J. of Range Management 41: 502-505.

Taboada, M.A., R.S. Lavado, G. Rubio and D.J. Cosentino. 2001. Soil volumetric changes in natric soils caused by air entrapment following seasonal ponding and water table rises. Geoderma 101: 49-64.

Taboada, M.A. and Lavado R.S. 1993. Influence of cattle trampling on soil porosity under alternate dry and ponded conditions. Soil Use and Management 9: 139-143.

Taboada, M.A.; R.S. Lavado; H. Svartz and A.M.I. Segat. 1999. Structural stability changes in a grazed grassland Natraquoll of the Flooding Pampa (Argentina). Wetlands 19: 50-55.

Taboada, M.A.and R.S. Lavado. 2003. Cuando el agua se retira. Inundaciones, consecuencias sobre los suelos. Encrucijadas 21: 28-37.

Tilman, D. 1982. Resource competition and community structure. Princeton University Press. Princeton, New Jersey.

Voesenek L. A. C. J., T. D. Colmer, R. Pierik, F. F. Millenaar and A. J. M. Peeters. 2006. How plants cope with complete submergence. New Phytologist 170: 213-226.

Walker, B., Kinzig, A. and Langridge, J. 1999. Plant attribute diversity, resilience, and ecosystem function: the nature and significance of dominant and minor species. Ecosystems 2: 95-113.

Weiher, E. and Keddy, P. A. 1995. The assembly of experimental wetland plant communities. -Oikos 73: 323-335.

White, P.S. 1979. Pattern, process and natural disturbances in vegetation. Bot. Rev. 45: 229-299.

Wilson J.B. and S.H. Roxburgh. 1994. A demonstration of guild-based assembly rules for a plant community, and determination of intrinsic guilds. Oikos 69: 267-276.

In: Grasslands: Ecology, Management and Restoration ISBN 978-1-60692-023-7

Editor: Hans G. Schroder © 2008 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Chapter 4

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Solar Power

Solar Power

Start Saving On Your Electricity Bills Using The Power of the Sun And Other Natural Resources!

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment